From long-established technologies like electronic stability control, to newer developments such as "smart" networked vehicles, there is an increasing variety of technologies aimed at improving vehicle and driver safety. Use this page to access research on the latest developments in collision avoidance technology and their efficacy.
National Science Foundation-funded project will use tire data to improve transportation safety
Virginia Tech, 13/01/16
Information about road conditions and tyre health are gathered by ceramic sensors integrated into car tyres in a research project at Virginia Tech, US.
21st century trucking: A trajectory for ergonomics and road freight
Heriot-Watt University, 28/06/15
Technology alone will not be enough for commercial vehicles to meet emissions targets, and changing driver behaviour is also essential.
Driving the ‘Starship Enterprise’ through London: Constructing the im/moral driver-citizen through HGV safety technology
University of Cardiff, 02/07/15
In-vehicle technology in trucks in London mean that drivers spend more effort sorting through visual information, and shifts the moral responsibilities towards the driver.
Study Confirms High Effectiveness of Low Speed Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB)
Euro NCAP and ANCAP, 13/05/15
Autonomous emergency braking reduces read-end crashes by 38%, finds a real-world study .
Commission report gives ‘green lights’ for mandatory fitting of new safety tech
Transport Research Laboratory, 24/4/15
Technologies including intelligent speed adaption and autonomous emergency braking should be made mandatory by the EU.
Tests Show Rear View Cameras Can Save Lives
Rear-view camera systems in cars improve rear visibility by an average of 46%.
Behavioral adaptation of young and older drivers to an intersection crossing advisory system
Neuropsychology Unit in HanzelpleinUniversity of Michigan, 17/10/14
An in-vehicle system that advises drivers on when it’s safe to cross intersections reduces crashes, finds a simulator-based study.
Public opinion about autonomous and self-driving vehicles in the US, the UK, and Australia
University of Michigan, 31/07/14
A survey of public opinion in the UK, US and Australia found the majority are generally positive about self-driving technology, but concerned over the safety implications.
Auto Braking Cars : Government Should Meet Motorists Halfway
A government incentive to buy cars fitted with autonomous emergency braking (AEB) would save 60 lives and prevent 760 serious injuries in the UK within three years.
Roads that cars can read
Common standards for road markings and traffic signs across Europe would enable the effective use of safety technology such as lane departure warnings and traffic sign recognition.
Evaluating ITS interventions at railway level crossings using a driving simulator
Queensland University of Technology, 04/10/13
Visual and audio warnings within the vehicle improve driver compliance with railway crossing signals by 17-30%.
Networked cars would save €6.5 billion in crash costs in Germany
University of Technology, Munich, 20/06/13
Technology that allows vehicles to detect and communicate dangers ahead would save up to €6.5 billion in crash-related costs if installed in all vehicles in Germany.
Crash avoidance features reduce crashes
Highway Loss Data Institute, 19/07/12
Crash avoidance technologies with automatic braking systems can reduce crashes by 14%.
Vibrating Steering Wheel Guides Drivers While Keeping Their Eyes on the Road
Carneige Mellon University, 04/05/12
Touch sensitive feedback through the steering wheel is an effective way for sat-navs to direct a driver without distracting them from the road.
ESC reduces fatal crashes in winter by up to 32%
Swedish Transport Administration, 24/02/12
Electronic stability control can reduce fatal crashes by up to 32% in winter weather.
Analysis of crash data to estimate the benefits of emerging vehicle technology
Centre for Automotive Safety Research, 18/04/11
Developments in frontal crash detection and avoidance has the greatest potential to reduce serious crashes among passive safety technology..
The influence of Cruise Control and Adaptive Cruise Control on driving behaviour
Technical University Braunschweig, 04/04/11
Some cruise control devices can reduce concentration and delay driver reactions.
Evaluation of the Potential Safety Benefits of Collision Avoidance Technologies
Annual serious injuries and deaths on Australian roads could be reduced by 25-35% if all vehicles were fitted with collision avoidance technologies.
Off-road vehicle trauma in children: a New South Wales perspective
University of Sydney, 07/12/10
Safety legislation should be introduced to prevent child injuries in off-road all-terrain vehicles in New South Wales.
Potential Occupant Injury Reduction in Pre-Crash System Equipped Vehicles
Virginia Tech-Wake Forest Center for Injury Biomechanics, 07/12/10
'Pre-Crash System' technology using radar and cameras to detect imminent crashes could reduce the number of injured drivers by up to 57%.
Crash avoidance potential of four large truck technologies
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 10/07/10
Side view assist technology could prevent up to 39,000 crashes per year in the USA.
Action Plan for the Deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in Europe
European Transport Safety Council, 13/02/09
Welcomes the proposals and provides recommendations.
ESC reduces risk of single-vehicle crashes
Monash University, Australia, 01/11/07
Electronic Stability Control (ESC) reduces the risk of single-vehicle car crashes in which the driver is injured by 32%. The findings came from analysis of more than 200,000 police crash records.
Lane change behaviour with a side blind zone alert system
Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, 08/10/07
Drivers fail to execute “over the shoulder” (blind zone) glances for 68% and 85% of their left and right lane changes, respectively.