Victim care

High-quality emotional and practical support of people bereaved and injured in road crashes is essential to help them rebuild their lives and cope with the devastating after-effects of crashes. Use this page to access research on effective support for the victims of road crashes.

Post-crash response: supporting those affected by road traffic crashes
The World Health Organisation, 2016

Advice on post-crash care ranging from first aid and emergency response to hospital trauma and surgical care and recommendations on how to support those seriously injured and bereaved beyond the immediate aftermath of the crash.

Psychosocial care for injured children: worldwide survey among hospital emergency department staff
The Journal of Pediatrics, Monash Injury Research Institute, Australia, 2016

Emergency-department staff require more education to deal with the psychosocial care required by injured children in the wake of trauma.

Caring touch as a bodily anchor for patients after sustaining a motor vehicle accident with minor or no physical injuries: a mixed methods study
Insitute of Neurobiology, Karolinska Institute, Sweden, 22.03.16

In the care of patients suffering from a motor vehicle crash with minor or no physical injuries, a caring touch intervention is associated with patients' report of decreased pain and improved wellbeing up to six months after the accident.

Spectrum of skull fractures in traumatic brain injury (TBI) - a cross-sectional study
Career Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India, Feb 2016

The majority of fatal head injuries in Lucknow, India, are due to road traffic crashes.

Access and Necessity for Road Emergency Sites
Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran, 20/01/2016

Road emergency sites in Iran are distributed equally in regard to service need, but are inadequate in number because of high rates of fatal crashes, finds an article in Trauma Monthly.

Our shrinking globe: implications for child unintentional injuries
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA, 24/11/2015

Childhood injuries are a major global health problem, with road crashes being a major cause.

Decrease of morbidity in road traffic accidents in a high income country – an analysis of 24,405 accidents in a 21 year period
Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Regensburg, Germany, 2/11/2015

Serious injuries following road crashes in Germany have declined over a 21-year period, due to a comprehensive approach across road safety policies and emergency medicine.

On scene injury severity prediction (OSISP) algorithm for car occupants
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, 25/05/2015

The severity of injuries at the scene of a road crash is not always realised by emergency personnel, so a new triage protocol has been developed that takes into account factors including age and seatbelt use.

Serious road injuries in the Netherlands dissected
SWOV, 04/07/15

The parts of the body injured in road crashes vary depending on the mode of travel, gender and age, finds a study of hospital admission in the Netherlands

Estimating under-reporting of road crash injuries to police using multiple linked data collections
CARRS-Q, 08/07/15

An analysis of hospital admissions in Australia reveals that two thirds are not recorded by the police, particularly those involving motorcyclists, cyclists and crashes in remote locations.

The Journey from Traffic Offender to Severe Road Trauma Victim: Destiny or Preventive Opportunity?
Royal Perth Hospital, Australia, 22/4/2015

Drink drivers injured in crashes are likely to have prior driving offences.

Magnitude and outcomes of road traffic accidents at Hospitals in Wolaita Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia
Wolaita Sodo University School of Public Health, Ethiopia, 9/4/2015

62% of hospital trauma admissions in Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia, are due to road crashes.

Psychological debriefing for road traffic accident victims
Warneford Hospital, 01/01/01

Psychological debriefing is ineffective and has adverse long-term effects. It is not an appropriate treatment for trauma victims.

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